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Arkansas AED Laws

Laws and statutes for the state of Arkansas regarding AEDs and defibrillators can be found below. We've highlighted statutes of particular importance in red that should not be overlooked in any AED program in Arkansas. 

Have a question regarding the AED laws for Arkansas? Please don't hesitate to get in touch with us and we'll assist you in the creation of a lifesaving AED program that is fully compliant with the state law of Arkansas. 


Arkansas Code 20-13-1301
This subchapter may be cited as the "Public Access to Automated External Defibrillation Act".


Arkansas Code 20-13-1302
The General Assembly finds that early defibrillation can sustain the life of and temporarily stabilize a person in cardiac arrest, thus helping to preserve the Arkansas family. It is the intent of the General Assembly that the public have access to automated external defibrillators for the purpose of saving the lives of persons in cardiac arrest.


Arkansas Code 20-13-1303
As used in this subchapter:

(1) "Automated external defibrillator" means a device that:

(A) Is used to administer an electric shock through the chest wall to the heart;

(B) Has built-in computers within the device to assess the patient's heart rhythm, judge whether defibrillation is needed, and then administer the shock;

(C) Has audible or visual prompts, or both, to guide the user through the process;

(D) Has received approval from the United States Food and Drug Administration of its premarket modification, filed pursuant to 21 U.S.C. 360(k);

(E) Is capable of recognizing the presence or absence of ventricular fibrillation and rapid ventricular tachycardia and is capable of determining without intervention by an operator whether defibrillation should be performed; and

(F) Upon determining that defibrillation should be performed, either automatically charges and delivers an electrical impulse to an individual's heart or charges and delivers an electrical impulse at the command of the operator;


(2) "Cardiac arrest" means a condition, often sudden, that is due to abnormal heart rhythms called arrhythmias. It is generally the result of some underlying form of heart disease;


(3) "Cardiopulmonary resuscitation" means a combination of rescue breathing and chest compressions and external cardiac massage used to sustain a person's life until advanced assistance arrives;


(4) "Defibrillation" means administering an electrical impulse to an individual's heart in order to stop ventricular fibrillation or rapid ventricular tachycardia;


(5) "Emergency medical services" means the transportation and medical care provided the ill or injured prior to arrival at a medical facility by a certified emergency medical technician or other health care provider and continuation of the initial emergency care within a medical facility subject to the approval of the medical staff and governing board of that facility;


(6) "Person" means any individual, partnership, association, corporation, or any organized group of persons whether incorporated or not; and


(7) "Ventricular fibrillation" means the most common arrhythmia that causes cardiac arrest. It is a condition in which the heart's electrical impulses suddenly become chaotic, often without warning, causing the heart's pumping action to stop abruptly.


Arkansas Code 20-13-1304

(a) In order to ensure the public health and safety, a person or entity who acquires an automated external defibrillator shall ensure that:

(1) Expected automated external defibrillator users complete appropriate knowledge and skills courses at least one (1) time every two (2) years in cardiopulmonary resuscitation and automated external defibrillator use based upon current American Heart Association scientific guidelines, standards, and recommendations for providing cardiopulmonary resuscitation and the use of automated external defibrillators as published in American Heart Association, American Red Cross, or equivalent course materials;

(2) The defibrillator is maintained and tested according to the manufacturer's operational guidelines and instructions; and

(3) Any person who renders emergency care or treatment on a person in cardiac arrest by using an automated external defibrillator activates the emergency medical services system as soon as possible and immediately reports any clinical use of the automated external defibrillator to the medical provider responding to the emergency.


(b) Any person or entity who acquires an automated external defibrillator shall notify an agent of emergency communications, 911, or vehicle dispatch center of the existence, location, and type of automated external defibrillator.


Arkansas Code 20-13-1305

(a) Any person or entity who in good faith and without compensation renders emergency care or treatment by the use of an automated external defibrillator is immune from civil liability for any personal injury as a result of the care or treatment or as a result of any act or failure to act in providing or arranging further medical treatment if the person acts as an ordinary, reasonably prudent person would have acted under the same or similar circumstances. 


(b) The immunity from civil liability for any personal injury under subsection (a) of this section includes: 


(1) A physician or medical facility that is involved with automated external defibrillator placement; 

(2) Any person or entity that provides cardiopulmonary resuscitation and automated external defibrillator training to the person or entity acquiring an automated external defibrillator; and 

(3) The person or entity responsible for the location where the automated external defibrillator is located or used. 


(c) The immunity from civil liability under subsection (a) of this section does not apply if the personal injury results from the gross negligence or willful or wanton misconduct of the person rendering the emergency care. 


(d) The requirements of 20-13-1304 do not apply to any individual using an automated external defibrillator in an emergency setting if that individual is acting as a "Good Samaritan" under the provisions of either 17-95-101 or  
17-95-106.


Arkansas Code 20-13-1306

(a) As used in this section, "health spa" means any person, firm, corporation, organization, club, or association engaged in the sale of: 

(1) Memberships in a program of physical exercise that includes the use of one (1) or more sauna, whirlpool, weightlifting room, massage, steam room, or exercising machine or device; or 

(2) The right or privilege to use exercise equipment or facilities such as a sauna, whirlpool, weightlifting room, massage, steam room, or exercising machine or device, including, but not limited to: 

(A) For-profit businesses, firms, corporations, organizations, clubs, or associations; 

(B) Bona fide nonprofit organizations, including, but not limited to, the Young Men's Christian Association, Young Women's Christian Association, or similar organizations whose functions as health spas are only incidental to the overall functions and purposes; 

(C) Any organization primarily operated for the purpose of teaching a particular form of martial arts such as judo or karate; 

(D) Any college or university fitness center; 

(E) Any country club; or 

(F) Weight-loss or weight-control services which do not provide physical exercise facilities and which do not obligate the customer for more than twenty-five (25) months. 

(b)(1) Each health spa shall have at least one (1) automated external defibrillator on the premises. 

(2) The defibrillator shall at all times be placed in the location that best provides accessibility to staff, members, and guests. 

(3) At all times during staffed business hours, the spa shall ensure that at least one (1) employee who has completed a knowledge and skills course in operating an automated external defibrillator and in cardiopulmonary resuscitation is assigned to be on duty. 

(4) An unstaffed health spa shall have on the premises: 

(A) A telephone for 911 telephone call access; 

(B) An advisory warning that indicates that members of the unstaffed health spa should be aware that working out alone may pose risks to the health spa member's health and safety; and 

(5) In plain view: 

(A) A sign indicating the location of the automated external defibrillator; and 

(B) A sign providing instruction in the use of the automated external defibrillator and in cardiopulmonary resuscitation. 

(C) No cause of action against a health spa or its employees may arise in connection with the use or nonuse of an automated external defibrillator unless the health spa has:

(1) Failed to purchase an automated external defibrillator as required under this section; or 

(2) Acted with gross negligence in the use of an automated external defibrillator.

(D) If a health spa does not comply with this section, any contract for health spa services shall be voidable at the option of the buyer.


Arkansas Code 17-95-101 (Good Samaritan Law)

(a) Any health care professional under the laws of the State of Arkansas who in good faith lends emergency care or assistance without compensation at the place of an emergency or accident shall not be liable for any civil damages for acts or omissions performed in good faith so long as any act or omission resulting from the rendering of emergency assistance or services was not grossly negligent or willful misconduct. 

(b) Any person who is not a health care professional who is present at an emergency or accident scene and who: 

(1) Believes that the life, health, and safety of an injured person or a person who is under imminent threat of danger could be aided by reasonable and accessible emergency procedures under the circumstances existing at the scene thereof; and 

(2) Proceeds to lend emergency assistance or service in a manner calculated in good faith to lessen or remove the immediate threat to the life, health, or safety of such a person, shall not be held liable in civil damages in any action in this state for any act or omission resulting from the rendering of emergency assistance or services unless the act or omission was not in good faith and was the result of gross negligence or willful misconduct.

(c) No health care professional who in good faith and without compensation renders voluntary emergency assistance to a participant in a school athletic event or contest at the site thereof or during transportation to a health care facility for an injury suffered in the course of the event or contest shall be liable for any civil damages as a result of any acts or omissions by that health care professional in rendering the emergency care. The immunity granted by this subsection shall not apply in the event of an act or omission constituting gross negligence. 

(d) For the purposes of this section, "health care professional" means a licensed physician, chiropractic physician, dentist, optometric physician, podiatric physician, and any other licensed health care professional.


Arkansas Code 6-10-122

(A) (1) The State Board of Education shall promulgate rules to require that: 

(A) Each school campus have an automated external defibrillator; and 

(B) (i) Appropriate school personnel be adequately trained on or before May 31, 2011; and 

(ii) After May 31, 2011, appropriate school personnel be adequately trained on an ongoing basis. 

(2) To enhance the potential life-saving capability of each automated external defibrillator, the rules shall include without limitation provisions regarding the availability of the school's automated external defibrillator at school-related activities, such as athletic events. 

(b) To minimize the financial impact on school districts, each school district may apply for a grant from the Department of Health to purchase an automated external defibrillator or related equipment or to provide training to its personnel, or any combination of purchase of an automated external defibrillator or related equipment or provision of training to personnel.

(c) Beginning in 2011, the Commissioner of Education shall provide a report to the Senate Committee on Public Health, Welfare, and Labor and the House Committee on Public Health, Welfare, and Labor on or before July 1 each year regarding the implementation of this section and the status of automated external defibrillator availability on each school campus.
 
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